Family Encyclopedia >> Beauty & Style

This is how you exfoliate your skin safely

Exfoliating is the process of removing dead skin cells from the outer layer of your skin. While some people believe it improves the appearance of their skin, dermatologists say it's not for everyone and if not done right, it can do more harm than good.
Since every type of scrub isn't for everyone. skin type, it is important to consider your skin type before choosing an exfoliating method:
– Sensitive skin may sting or burn after using the product
– Normal skin is clear and not sensitive
– Dry skin is flaky, itchy or rough
– Oily skin is shiny and oily-
Combination skin is dry in some areas and oily in others

There are two main methods of exfoliating at home – mechanical and chemical – and the method you choose should be determined by your skin type. Mechanical scrubbing uses a tool, such as a brush or sponge, or a scrub to physically remove dead skin cells. Chemical exfoliation uses chemicals such as alpha and beta hydroxy acids to gently dissolve dead skin cells.

To prevent skin damage while exfoliating, here are some tips:

1. Consider the skin care products you already use:Some products can cause your skin to become more sensitive or peeling, such as retinoid creams or products containing retinol or benzoyl peroxide. Exfoliating while using these products can aggravate dry skin or even cause acne.

2. Select a scrub method that suits your skin type:People with dry, sensitive or acne-prone skin should only choose a washcloth and a mild chemical scrub, as mechanical scrubs can be too irritating for this skin type. People with oily, thicker skin may want to use stronger chemical treatments or mechanical scrubs. However, avoid strong chemical or mechanical scrubs if you have dark skin or if you notice dark spots on your skin after burns, insect bites or acne. For some people, especially those with darker skin tones, more aggressive forms of exfoliation can result in dark spots on the skin.

3. Be gentle on your skin:If using a scrub or chemical exfoliator, apply the product gently in small, circular motions. Do this for about 30 seconds and then rinse with lukewarm – not hot – water. If using a brush or sponge, use short brush strokes. Never exfoliate if you have open cuts or wounds, or if your skin is burned.

4. Follow with moisturizer:Exfoliating can dry the skin. Apply moisturizer immediately after exfoliating to keep your skin healthy and hydrated.

5. Find the right schedule for you:How often you exfoliate depends on your skin type and exfoliation method. In general, the more aggressive the peel is, the less often it should be done. Make sure you don't exfoliate too much, this can lead to red and irritated skin.